Contrived language of Oceania from George Orwell's "1984." It uses many English words, albeit with a greatly simplified vocabulary and sentence structure. The elimination of synonyms and antonyms helped this process. It was created in attempt to influence the thought of Oceania's citizens and make it impossible to express thoughts dangerous to Ingsoc (Newspeak for English Socialism). Today this is recognized as political correctness.
Minitruth="Ministry of Truth" (Oceanian propaganda ministry)
Doublethink=the ability to hold two contradictory thoughts at a time
B-B="Big Brother", ie the State
These translations give a rough estimate of some general rules when using Newspeak.
Thoughtcrime does not entail death: thoughtcrime IS death.
3. The most well-known and recent depiction shown by Eliphas Lévi's 1854 Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magie, consisting of a goat with a torch between the horns. This image is often used as a representation of Satan or some other hierarchy of Hell.
4. Suggested etymologies:
A. From the Greek 'baphe' and 'metis', meaning "baptism of wisdom".
B. Atbash cipher for the Goddess Sophia
C. Acronymn: 'Temp. ohp. Ab.' originating from the Latin 'Templi omnium hominum pacis abhas,' meaning "the father of universal peace among men."
Baphomet was once thought to be a demon worshipped by freemasons, a legend originating from the Taxil hoax.
(b.1724-d.1804) German professor of metaphysics at Konigsberg, who perhaps has been the most powerful influence on modern Western philosophical thought.
Kant is known for his theory of transcendental idealism (that we bring innate forms and concepts to the raw experience of the world, which we would otherwise be completely ignorant of). His revolutionary book, 'Critique of Pure Reason' includes this thought experiment: Try to imagine something that exists in no time and has no extent in space. The human mind cannot produce such an idea—time and space are fundamental forms of perception that exist as innate structures of the mind. Nothing can be perceived except through these forms, and the limits of physics are the limits of the fundamental structure of the mind.
Kant's deontological, duty-based moral system is based on his categorical imperative, and it's three formulations: those of Universal Law, Humanity, and Automony.
Kant's ideas have been both copied and condemned, though there is no denying his influence on modern thought. Most philosophers, from Marx to Nietzsche to Wittgenstein have had to either react to the ideas of Kant in one way or another.
Kant also formulated the first modern theory of solar system creation, known as the Kant-Laplace hypothesis.
Kant said: "Happiness is not an ideal of reason, but of imagination."
1. (b.505?-d.565) Byzantine military commander who suppressed the Nika Revolt, conquered Vandal North Africa, Sicilia, and Italy, and saved Constantinople from the Bulgarian Huns before being imprisoned on trumped-up charges of treason in 562.
"Belisarius pretended to accept the offer, rode to Ravenna to be crowned, and promptly arrested the leaders of the Goths and reclaimed their entire kingdom - no halfway settlement - for Byzantium."